PENGELOLAAN AIR BALAS: KERANGKA HUKUM INTERNASIONAL DAN PERBANDINGAN HUKUM DI INDONESI

Eliza Dayinta Harumanti

Sari


Abstrak

Pembuangan air balas kapal yang tidak diolah dan dibuang di sembarang tempat berpotensi menyebabkan perpindahan beberapa organisme laut yang tidak sesuai dengan lingkungan hidup awalnya. Organisme ini akan berkembang dan mengganggu sistem rantai makanan yang pada akhirnya berdampak pada pencemaran air laut dan keseimbangan ekosistem. Perhatian dunia internasional terhadap perlindungan laut terlihat dengan adanya konvensi yang mengatur tentang pembuangan air balas pada tahun 1992 sebagai upaya mitigasi untuk mencegah menyebarnya spesies predator serta untuk menjaga keseimbangan ekosistem di suatu daerah di dunia. Tulisan ini membahas perkembangan pengaturan pengelolaan air balas di dunia sampai dengan terbentuknya Konvensi Pengelolaan Air Balas dan perbandingan penerapannya di beberapa negara termasuk di Indonesia. Mengingat Indonesia belum meratifikasi ketentuan Konvensi Pengelolaan Air Balas, tulisan ini akan mengkaji kemungkinan Indonesia menjadi negara anggota konvensi tersebut. 

 

Abstract

This article attempts to discuss Indonesia’s policy on ballast water exchange with regard to protection of the marine environment in Indonesia’s water territory. The exchange of ballast water is potential to inadvertently introduce non-native species into new habitat. These species are likely to thrive and harm the existing ecosystem, turning them to be invasive species. World’s attention was gained after several disasters in some countries, calling the adoption of a new international standard as prevention and mitigation measures of such issue. This article will also address the development of Ballast Water Management Convention and compare other countries practice in their national law framework. 


Kata Kunci


air balas; Indonesia; UNCLOS; invasive alien species; ballast water; Indonesia; UNCLOS; invasive alien species

Teks Lengkap:

PDF (English)

Referensi


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