ASPEK HUKUM DALAM PELESTARIAN SUMBER DAYA GENETIK LAUT: KEBUTUHAN DAN TANTANGAN

Isna Fatimah

Sari


Abstrak

Pelestarian sumber daya genetik laut (SDG laut) merupakan kegiatan yang meliputi upaya-upaya pemanfaatan dan pelindungan SDG laut sebagai investasi potensial dalam mewujudkan pembangunan berkelanjutan. Sebagai negara yang dianugerahi kemewahan wilayah laut kepulauan, seharusnya perhatian terhadap SDG laut sudah mengemuka. Sayangnya, Indonesia belum mempunyai kerangka hukum yang komprehensif dalam mengatur pelestarian SDG laut. Tulisan ini bermaksud memberikan gambaran tentang kebutuhan dan tantangan Indonesia dalam mengatur pelestarian SDG laut. Fokus penulisan dibatasi pada aspek hukum dalam manajemen pemanfaatan dan pelindungan SDG laut. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah pendekatan normatif dengan menelaah perjanjian internasional yang telah diratifikasi Indonesia, berkenaan dengan hukum laut dan keanekaragaman hayati, serta beberapa peraturan nasional lain yang terkait. Adapun berbagai teori dan informasi pendukung diperoleh melalui data dan bahan hukum sekunder. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kebutuhan sekaligus menjadi tantangan dalam membangun kerangka hukum pelestarian SDG laut meliputi: (1) pembuatan kerangka kebijakan integratif tentang penguasaan negara dan hak masyarakat atas pemanfaatan SDG laut; (2) penguatan koordinasi antar instansi yang mengemban fungsi terkait pelestarian SDG laut; dan (3) penguatan dan harmonisasi berbagai peraturan perundang-undangan terkait pelestarian SDG laut.

 

Abstract

The scope of preserving marine genetic resources (MGRs) shall involve the act of utilization and protection towards sowing potential benefits to reach sustainable development. Privileged by its archipelagic form, Indonesia should have been in the forefront in valuing the importance of MGRs. Unfortunately, comprehensive regulations on the preservation of MGRs are not yet exist in Indonesia. This article aims to give description on the needs and challenges to regulate preservation of MGRs in Indonesia. This article is focusing on legal aspect in the management of utilization and protection of MGRs. Method conducted for this research is normative approach by analyzing ratified international agreements regarding law of the sea and biodiversity and other relevant national regulations. Meanwhile, supporting theories and information are obtained through secondary data and literature of laws. The research shows that needs as well as challenges in designing legal framework on MGRs requires: (1) creating integrative policy on State’s sovereignty and people’s right over MGRs utilization; (2) strengtening coordination among institutions; and (3) strengthening and harmonizing regulations related to MGRs.


Kata Kunci


pelestarian; sumber daya genetik laut; keanekaragaman hayati; laut; pembangunan berkelanjutan; preservation; marine genetic resources; biodiversity; law of the sea; sustainable development

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PDF (English)

Referensi


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