DEMOKRASI DAN LINGKUNGAN

Feby Ivalerina

Sari


Diskusi mengenai kaitan antara kondisi lingkungan dengan pola penyelenggaraan pemerintahan (governance) mulai menghangat pada tahun 1990an. Bentuk negara moderen yaitu negara kesejahteraan yang diadopsi oleh kebanyakan negara di dunia, menuntut keterlibatan aktif negara dalam segala aspek kehidupan masyarakatnya, termasuk pengelolaan lingkungan. Berdasarkan pemikiran tersebut maka kondisi lingkungan bergantung kepada penyelenggaraan pemerintahan. Berdasar pada keterkaitannya tersebut, kebijakan dan hukum lingkungan di dunia saat ini mengarahkan model pemerintahan yang mendukung pengelolaan lingkungan yang baik. Konferensi PBB tentang Lingkungan dan Pembangunan (UNCED), tahun 1992 dan Konvensi Arrhus, tahun 1998 memiliki landasan pemikiran yang sama, bahwa pola pemerintahan yang baik bagi pengelolaan lingkungan adalah pemerintahan yang memastikan adanya partisipasi masyarakat. Dengan demikian keduanya mensyaratkan pemerintahan yang demokratis.


Kata Kunci


demokrasi; lingkungan

Teks Lengkap:

PDF (English)

Referensi


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