PERUBAHAN IKLIM DAN DEMOKRASI: KETERSEDIAAN DAN AKSES INFORMASI IKLIM, PERANAN PEMERINTAH, DAN PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT DALAM MENDUKUNG IMPLEMENTASI ADAPTASI PERUBAHAN IKLIM DI INDONESIA

Perdinan Perdinan

Sari


Perubahan iklim merupakan fenomena iklim global yang dipicu dengan adanya pemanasan global akibat kenaikan konsentrasi gas-gas rumah kaca di atmosfer. Memahami dampak perubahan iklim terhadap berbagai sektor ekonomi di Indonesia, pemerintah Indonesia merespon melalui berbagai kebijakan yang dituangkan dalam Undang-Undang dan Peraturan Pemerintah. Tulisan ini membahas mengenai „posisi‟ kebijakan terkait adaptasi perubahan iklim di Indonesia. Tantangan dalam pelaksanaan adaptasi perubahan iklim juga dibahas berdasarkan studi pustaka dan interpretasi dari dokumen-dokumen terkait adaptasi perubahan iklim. Pembahasan juga dilakukan terkait ketersediaan dan akses informasi iklim yang sangat diperlukan dalam penilaian dampak perubahan iklim sebagai langkah awal dalam penyusunan langkahlangkah adaptasi. Hasil telaah menunjukkan ketersediaan dan kemudahan akses terhadap data hasil pengamatan iklim (observasi) masih menjadi pekerjaan rumah yang perlu mendapatkan perhatian. Peran aktif masyarakat dalam kegiatan-kegiatan pengamatan dan pengumpulan informasi iklim sangat diperlukan mengingat ketersediaan informasi iklim yang masih terbatas.
Kerjasama antara Pemerintah Pusat dan daerah serta partisipasi publik dalam program-program adaptasi juga dianjurkan dan sangat diperlukan.

Kata Kunci


perubahan iklim, adaptasi, undang-undang, akses informasi iklim, partisipasi publik

Teks Lengkap:

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