Dualisme Konteks Proper sebagai Instrumen Penaatan Sukarela dan Command and Control

Faisol Rahman

Abstract


Kehadiran penaatan sukarela (voluntary approach) di negara berkembang telah menjadi alternatif untuk mendorong penaatan hukum. Penaatan sukarela dapat menjadi pelengkap instrumen atur dan awasi (command and control), untuk mengatasi keterbatasan sumber daya dan minimnya kemauan politik pemerintah. Proper yang pada masa awalnya merupakan salah satu instrumen penaatan sukarela yang dapat mendorong ketaatan hukum pesertanya. Namun belakangan, Proper dikritik karena tidak memberikan sanksi terhadap pesertanya yang berperingkat tidak taat. Pada titik singgung ini, menjadi bias pemaknaan Proper antara konteks penaatan sukarela dan command and control.

Artikel ini mengkaji secara normatif adanya dilema penerapan sanksi dalam Proper oleh KLHK selaku penyelenggara Proper. Dimana non-peserta Proper, cenderung mendapatkan keleluasaan akibat ketiadaan sistem pengawasan dan penegakan hukum. Sedangkan peserta Proper, yang secara sukarela telah bekerja sama untuk mempermudah pengawasan pemerintah, terancam sanksi apabila ditemukan pelanggaran. Sehingga apabila sanksi diterapkan terhadap peserta, dapat memberikan tekanan terhadap kesukarelaan peserta untuk melanjutkan kerja samanya dalam Proper.

Kata Kunci: penaatan sukarela, penegakan hukum lingkungan, proper


Keywords


penaatan sukarela; penegakan hukum lingkungan; proper

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.38011/jhli.v6i2.160 Abstract view : 90 times
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